Demonstration plant gasifier in Hultsfred - Emå Dairy
Emåmejeriet (Emå Dairy) is a local producer of milk and dairy products in Hultsfred. The plant is owned and run by the farmers themselves. They have a strong local and environmental profile with their slogan "Milk from your area". They have installed a gasification plant where the wood is converted into heat and electricity.
From oil to woodchips
"Milk from your area" is the slogan of Emå Dairy.The milk is collected from the local farms in Hagelsrum, Virstad, Fröreda, Torsjö Manor and Ålatorp, which provides short transport journeys and thus a reduced environmental impact. To produce their own electricity and heat from local biofuels lies entirely in line with the plant’s focus on local production. The choice of switching from an oil-based heating system to a gasification plant is due partly to a reduced tax relief for the manufacturing industry. Other reasons have been the ambition to meet consumer's growing environmental awareness, but also because the existing heating system is in urgent need of refurbishment.
By replacing the old oil boiler to a micro scale power plant in the form of a thermal gasifier (Volter), Emå dairy will become virtually self-sufficient in heat. In addition, local electricity will be produced, covering about 20% of the electricity demands. A thermal carburetor provides high electrical efficiency, good controllability and a reasonable investment.
An accumulation tank will manage the shifting heating requirements during the day. The demands for a high flow temperature of the heat were such that there was only one supplier that could guarantee the specifications necessary for the production of heat to the Emå dairy.
Combined dryer and fuel storage
Fuel availability is a very important parameter when the carburetor works optimally with a coarse fractionated and dry fuel, which are in relatively limited supply in the area.
The solution to this problem was to construct a combined dryer and fuel storage based on demountable containers for flexibility and scalability. One factor that made the dryer economic is that the model Volter ™ has a ventilation connection for low-temperature waste heat, which makes it easy to use low-grade heat for drying.
The plant is a combination of gasification and combustion, which provides high efficiency. The fuel consists of wood chips. The generator gas can be used for combustion in the burner for the boiler, or used as motor drive for the electricity generation.
|Plant data gasifier|
40 kW of electricity (45 kW) generator and 100 kW heat
Max 7 800H
Max 312 MWh / year
Approximately 3 million
Approximately 8-10 years
Roughly fractioned chips
MOISTURE IN RAW MATERIAL
Volter ™ 40 Indoor
4.8 mm X 1.3 m X 2.5 m
QUANTITY OF ASH
Approximately 500 liters / week (about 1-2% by outgoing fuel)
Automatic ash handling
CO (carbon monoxide) 25%
H2 (hydrogen) 17%
CO2 (Carbon dioxide) 8%
CH4 (Methane) 2.5%
N2 (Nitrogen) 47.5%
CALORIFIC VALUE, GAS
5.75 MJ / m
The amount of electricity produced at the Emå dairy:
|Annual production [MWh]||
Equals the annual electricity demand of this number of villas, source
|Equals the annual production of this many m2 of solar panels, source|
The gasification facility is open for visitors, book a study visit today!
|Information in Swedish|
Gasifiers and manufacturers
In gasifier units, wood gas is formed by incomplete combustion of organic materials. Organic refers to carbonaceous material from living or dead organisms. There are different types of gasifying techniques. For the generation of heat and power, so called fixed bed gasifiers, where the fuel bed lies on a grate, are usually used. The solid organic fuel is feed at the top of the reactor, then moving downwards due to gravity as it is being consumed. Because of oxygen deficit, the fuel is only partially/incompletely combusted and wood gas forms. This gas mainly consists of carbon monoxide, hydrogen, methane and carbon dioxide. It is dangerous to inhale carbon monoxide since it easily binds to the red blood cells, thereby preventing oxygen from being transported into the body. However, at a later stage in the unit, the carbon monoxide is transformed into harmless carbon dioxide by combustion.
In a downdraft gasifier, the gas is extracted at the bottom of the reactor, whereas it is extracted at the top in an updraft gasifier. In the latter case, air is led in at the very bottom, whereas it is supplied higher up in the reactor in a downdraft gasifier. Updraft gasifiers form more tar, but can handle more moisture in the fuel than downdraft gasifiers, since the produced gas passes the incoming fuel and dries it. One other difference between the two principles, is that the gas from a downdraft gasifier has a higher temperature than the gas coming from an updraft gasifier.
The hot gas that forms is full of energy and combustible, thereby possible to use for extraction of heat as well as for running a conventional combustion engine. The heat is obtained thru one or several heat exchangers. The thermal energy is used for heating of estates and tap water, in industrial processes etc. The wood gas is then directed to a combustion engine, where the chemical energy is transformed to mechanical work. The shaft of the engine is connected to an electrical generator, transforming the mechanical work to electrical energy that can be either used in your own business or sold on the grid.
Gasifier and filter.
|All Power Labs
American company focusing on biomass gasifiers for production of electricity, also offering heat exchangers as compliment for a complete small-scale CHP installation (15 kWel). Several installations can run in parallel. Has several reference installations, where the gasifier feeds an isolated micro grid, i.e. with no connection to an external grid. Possible application in Sweden could be a remote tourism facility without grid connection. One reference example is an island, where diesel generators have been replaced by a mix of renewable energy sources such as wind and solar power as well as a gasifier. It is also possible to connect the gasifiers to the national grid.
German company with products within two segment, production of heat from biomass and combined heat and power production from wood chips. Have both stand-alone gasifiers and those integrated in containers, available in different sizes ranging from 9 kWel to 450 kWel. Several gasifiers can run in parallel in case of higher heat demand.
The company also delivers automatic dryers and fuel handling systems for the wood chips as well as ash removal systems. Many reference installations, for instance a manufacturer of parquet floors using residues from the production as fuel to the gasifier. The heat is used for drying the wood used in the production of floors and for heating the facilities and the produced electrical power is sold on the national grid.
Finnish company manufacturing complete gasifier modules for combined heat and power production using wood chips, 40 kWel/100 kWheat. Several units can run in parallel in case of higher heat demand. The company also sells drying units for wood chips.
There are several reference installations, for instance a recreation facility selling its excess power to the national grid, but that is also able to run their internal grid independently, i.e. disconnected from the external grid. The heat is distributed in a local district heating system.
Comparison - gasifiers
|Manufacturer||All Power Labs||Spanner||Volter|
|Product identifier||PP20 Power Pallet||HKA 45 (other alternatives available)||Volter 40 Indoor|
|Thermal output||20 kW||102 kW||100 kW|
|Electrical output||15 kW||45 kW||40 kW|
|Sound level @30 fot/9,14 m||85 dB(A)||information not available||information not available|
|Feedstock consumption||1,2 kg/kWhel||40,5 kg/h (0,9 kg/kWhel)||38kg/h (0,95 kg/kWhel)|
|Automated fuel supply||3 h per hopper fill, automated filling of hopper available as option||available as option||available as option|
|Approved feedstock||wood chips, nut shells, corn cobs||wood chips||wood chips|
|Feedstock size||12-40 mm||max. 30% <4 mm||<63mm: >80% 16-50mm, >60% 30-50mm, ≤9% 50-63mm, ≤1% <3,2mm|
|Moisture content feedstock||10-30%||max 13%||<18%, optimum <15%|
|Type of gasifier||downdraft||downdraft||downdraft|
|Automated ash removal||yes||available as option||yes|
|Engine||GM Vortec 3,0 liter||information not available||Agco Sisu Power 8,4L, 6-cyl.|
|Generator||Mecc Alte NPE32||information not available||ABB M2BA 225 SMB 4, 45 kW|
|Heat exchanger||optional, one step||information not available||three steps|
|Total efficiency||35%||information not available||information not available|
|Electrical efficiency||20%||information not available||information not available|
|Thermal efficiency||information not available||information not available||
News about the gasifier in Hultsfred
Information about small scale chp technologies on the Svebio conference
14- 15 of November, project manager Daniella Johansson participated on the Svebio grand biopower and heat conference in Sandviken. The conference began with a study visit to one of the biggest bio power plants in Sweden, co-owned by BillerudKorsnäs and Gävle Energi.
During the conference many topics were discussed, among them the latest news of the climate negotiations in the EU regarding solid biomass and the pellets market in Sweden.
During the second day of the conference, Daniella Johansson moderated a discussion of small-scale cogeneration. A new study on the potential for small-scale cogeneration and various suppliers with new technologies was presented.
EMÅ DAIRY WON ENVIRONMENTAL AWARD
Along with a private person, Emå dairy share the Hultsfred Municipality environmental award for 2015. Emå dairy got awarded for investing in a micro-carburetor and thus replacing the fossil oil boiler that supplied the dairy with electricity and heat. Congratulations Emå dairy!
Small Scale CHP Life+ in the Energy Cities blog. To the article.
The gasifier inaugurated at Emå dairy
Opening ceremony at Emå dairy. The vice president of Hultsfred municipal executive board and the environmental manager of the county administrative board were there to cut the ribbons. The assembled guests and media were introduced to the facility and treated to Finnish pasties as homage to the company who constructed the gasifier.